Biotechnology is an area of interest in the current years. It is a merge between biology and technology. It is like a “joint venture” between science and industry. Biotech is based on the biology, as it study microorganisms and living systems. These microorganisms have components that are molecules. The molecules include the DNA, RNA, proteins and carbohydrates.
Biotechnology is based on the application of biological knowledge to create products with a benefit to the population. Industries in this sector uses the biological molecules to develop products for a commercial purpose. Products may include food, health care products, pharmaceuticals, and vaccines. It is also used in agriculture to improve crop yields and prevent damage.
Biotech medicine is an area of commercial applications. They are based on components similar to proteins used by the body. These medicines are manufacture using living organisms or microorganisms that are genetically modified to produce the molecule of interest.
Usually biotech medicines are injected in the body because are large complex molecules that can be destroyed by the normal digestion process if ingested by mouth.
Most of us are more familiar with the traditional chemical or drug-based medicines that are taken in solid or liquid form. Usually they are contained within a pill, tablet or capsule and are smaller molecules than proteins.
Several companies are investing in research and development in healthcare and agricultural applications to produce new and improve products. This is an interesting area to explore if you want to learn about the interaction of science, technology and industrial processes.
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